Avignon's Butterfly and Herb Garden

Butterflies that I have observed so far this year.

moving picture of butterfly


Following the list of butterflies below is a butterfly table.

Monarch - (Danaus plexippus)
Family:  Milkweed (Danaidae)  The Monarch is the only butterfly that annually migrates both North and South on a regular basis. The primary larval food source is the Milkweed.
picture of a monarch caterpillar  picture of monarch chrysalis  picture of butterfly in chrysalis  picture of monarch drying it's wings  picture of monarch butterfly
 
Gulf Fritillary - (Argraulis vanillae)
Family: Brush-Footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)  Subfamily: Longwings (Heliconiinae)  Longwings can not survive the cold weather, so they are restricted to the deep South in the winter. However, they may migrate up through the plains states. The primary larval   food source is the Passionflower.

picture of fritillary on pentas

 
Red Admiral - (Vanessa atalanta)
Family: Brush-Footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)  Subfamily: (Nymphalinae)  It is hard to keep these butterflies in sight because of their fast zig-zagging flight. The primary larval food source is Nettles.

picture of a Red Admiral on Portersweed

Cloudless Sulphur - (Phoebis sennae)
Family: Whites and Sulphurs  (Pieridae)  Sulphurs are yellow butterflies that most often choose members of the pea family as food plants.  They fly steadily with little gliding. The primary larval  food source is Senna (Cassia spp.).

The picture of a Cloudless Sulphur caterpillar on Cassia  Picture of Cloudless Sulphur chrysalis on Cassia plant  Picture of Cloudless Sulphur chrysalis - stage two on Cassia plant  Picture of the Cloudless Sulphur

 
Gray Hairstreak - Common Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
Family:  Gossamer Wings  (Lycaenidae)  Hairstreaks are hard to find because they blend in with the background and are small. They lay eggs on more species of plants than  most other butterflies. The primary larval food source is a variety of plants, particularly legumes and mallows.

Picture of Grey Hairstreak on Butterfly Bush

Eastern Black Swallowtail:  (Papilio polyxenes)
Family:  Swallowtails  (Papilionidae)  Swallowtails are large, beautiful butterflies with brilliant colors.  The projections on their hind wings resemble a swallows tail, thus their name.  The primary larval food sources are wild carrot, dill, parsley, parsnip and sweet fennel.

Picture of Eastern Black Swallowtail on Pentas  Picture of Eastern Black Swallowtail on Purple Butterfly Bush

Giant Swallowtail:  (Papilio (or Heraclides)  Cresphontes)
Family: Swallowtails (Papilionidae)  Giant Swallowtails are beautiful and are considered the largest North American butterfly.  They are considered a pest by citrus growers and are subject to massive spraying of pesticides.  Citrus growers call them "Orange Dog".  The primary larval food sources are prickly ash, hop tree and citrus trees.

Giant Swallow Tail on Pentas


BUTTERFLY TABLE
Butterfly

Length of Stages

Larva Food Where Found
Egg Larva Chrysalis Adult

Monarch

4-6 Days 2-3 Weeks 5-15 Days 1-3 Months

Milkweed

South: All year
North: June to Oct

Gulf Fritillary

4-8 Days 2-3 Weeks 5-10 Days 2-4 Weeks

Passionflower

South: All year
North: May to Sept

Red Admiral

4-14 Days 2-4 Weeks 7-14 Days 6-20 Days

Nettles

South: All year
North: June to Sept

Cloudless Sulphur

3-7 Days 2-4 Weeks 7-14 Days 6-10 Days

Sennas (Cassia ssp.)

South: All Year
North: June to Oct

Gray Hairstreak

4-6 Days 3-4 Weeks 10-20 Days 4-10 Days

Variety of plants
esp. legumes and mallows

South: Feb to Oct
North: May to Oct

Eastern Black
Swallowtail

4-10 Days 3-4 Weeks 10-20 Days 6-14 Days

Wild carrot, dill, parsley,
parsnip and sweet fennel

South: Mar to Nov
North: May to Sep
Giant Swallowtail 4-10 Days 3-4 Weeks 10-20 Days 6-14 Days

Prickly ash, hop tree
and citrus trees

South: All Year
North: May to Sep

Picture of Avignon

Home Page
Plants: (Larval Sources)
Plants: (Nectar Sources)
Herbs

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Visitor number this year.